Sitorai-Mohi-Hosa Palace was a country residence of Bukhara amirs. It has been under construction for two decades since the end of the 19th. Amir Abdullahad-khan started construction of the old palace. He sent Bukhara masters to Petersburg and Yalta to study Russian architecture. Using Russian experience, local architects headed by usto Khodja Hafiz built a splendid building that combined local Bukhara and European traditions. Its throne hall for royal receptions was the pearl of the palace. The new palace complex of Sitorai-Mohi-Hosa was finished in the time of amir Alim-khan. It had a grand entrance arch,yard with galleries, main building in European style and house for amir`s harem in the garden.
The madrasah was the first of three madrasah, constructed by order of Ulugbek, one of Temur`s grandsons. Other two were built in Samarkand and Gijduvan. The construction was finished in 1420. The building consists of two floors of hudjras, classrooms and a mosque. The facade is decorated with a portal, two-storey loggias and corner turrets. Originally the madrasah had four domes and four minarets in the corners. In 1585 the facades were restored and decorated with majolica. The madrasah is remarkable for an inscription on the entrance: `Aspiration to knowledge is a duty of each Muslim man and woman`.
Today`s Kalyan Mosque was built at the beginning of the 16th century in the time of the first Shaybanids. Since that time, except for Soviet period it served as the cathedral mosque of Bukhara. The mosque replaced the old Qarakhanid cathedral mosque of the 12th century which was built simultaneously with Kalyan Minaret. This Shaybanid mosque is comparable with Temurid cathedral mosques in Samarkand and Herat. It is behind Bibi-Khanym Mosque in Samarkand by number of structures, but its area which is 130x80 sq. meter surpasses the last one.
Mausoleum of the Samanids was built as a family necropolis between 9th an 10th centuries. We think that Ismail Samani, the founder of the dynasty was buried here as well as his grandson Nasr II ibn Ahmad whose name was read on a wooden board above the entrance. This Bukhara mausoleum was recognized a masterpiece of world architecture for its perfect geometrical FORM. It is the most ancient of Central Asian brick buildings
Sheikh Saifeddin Boharzi (died in 1261) was a pupil of outstanding Khorezm Sufi Nadjm ad-Din Qubro (died in 1220). He chose Bukhara for preaching where founded famous "qubraviyyah" khanaka. Sheikh Boharzi converted Golden Horde's khan Berke into Islam. In the middle of the 13th century he headed Bukhara madrassah, established by Ma'sud-beg, Mongolian minister and Muslim. Sheikh was buried in Fatkhabad.The mausoleum above his tomb arose at the end of the 13th century. Dome building of khanaka with portal was buiit in the 14th century. Khanaka had been operating till the end of 18th century.